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To teams

Red Bull Racing

Max Verstappen & Sergio Pérez
Nationality aut Austrian
Home base Milton Keynes, Groot-Brittannië
Active since 2005
Teamboss Christian Horner

F1 season 2021

WC Position 2
WC points 397.5
Podiums 15
Pole positions 7

F1 history

World titles 4
WC Points 4705
Podiums 198
Pole positions 71

Red Bull Racing have brought in Sergio Perez to replace Alex Albon alongside Max Verstappen, and with an agreement in place to retain Honda engines despite the Japanese manufacturer’s decision to exit the sport, Red Bull look set to be the main competition to Mercedes in 2021.

Origins and Sauber sponsorship

Although Red Bull made their F1 debut as a team in 2005, their origins date back to the Stewart Grand Prix outfit that took to the grid in 1997.

Owner Jackie Stewart sold the team to Ford, who opted to rebrand the outfit Jaguar Racing to little success. Jaguar were put up for sale in September 2004, with BBC Sport reporting Ford asked bidders for a symbolic $1 US fee along with a commitment to invest $400m into the team over three seasons.

Prior to the sale, Red Bull had been involved in F1 as Sauber's sponsor from 1995 to 2004. However once Jaguar were purchased, the long-term partnership was brought to an end.

F1 start with Cosworth engines

Christian Horner was named new team boss with David Coulthard and Christian Klien selected as Red Bull's first driver pairing. The team's initial plans called for Klien and 2004 F3000 champion Vitantonio Liuzzi to swap every four races, but by season's end the Italian only appeared at four events.

Red Bull's first chassis was named the RB1 and used Cosworth engines given it was easier to continue on with the engines that Jaguar used.

Compared to Jaguar's limited success during their time in F1, Red Bull were a massive hit in their first season. They found themselves sixth for much of the season, only for BAR Honda to overtake them later in the year. By the end Red Bull finished with more points than Jaguar in 2003 and 2004.

Ferrari power and Newey hire

After just one year with Cosworth, Red Bull struck a deal that saw them use customer Ferrari engines in 2006. This move came following a rule change that mandated the use of V8 engines. Perhaps more importantly, the team managed to land Adrian Newey from McLaren in November 2005. The British engineer was a key figure at Williams and then McLaren in the 1990s and 2000s, and would prove crucial in turning Red Bull into a dominant force in F1.

That success wasn't immediate however as Red Bull took a step back in the RB2 in 2006. Cooling and overheating issues plagued the car in early testing, and reliability issues in the early part of the season saw the team retire on several occasions.

Nevertheless Coulthard secured Red Bull's first podium with a third-place finish at Monaco. Horner had said prior to the race that if one of the cars finished on the podium he would jump into a swimming pool at the track naked. He ended up jumping in a pool wearing just a red cape.

In the end Red Bull finished with 16 points, 18 fewer than their tally of 34 the previous year. Coulthard accounted for 14 of those points compared to Klien's two, with Robert Doornbos replacing the Austrian for the final three races.

2007 and 2008 season

The Newey designed RB3 took to the grid in 2007, with Red Bull making the switch from Ferrari to Renault engines. The team's contract with the Scuderia was passed along to junior team Toro Rosso.

The driver line-up was also changed with Mark Webber brought in to drive alongside Coulthard. Both drivers started the season slowly with four retirements before the Scotsman scored the team's first points with a fifth-place finish in Spain. Webber scored his second career podium at the unpredictable 2007 European GP, while Coulthard finished fifth despite starting 20th after the team kept him in the pits too long for qualifying.

Webber came close to victory at the Japanese GP but crashed with Sebastian Vettel, while Coulthard finished fourth. In the end the team finished fifth in the Constructors' Standings with 24 points.

The same driver line-up returned in 2008 with Webber scoring points in five straight races after retiring from the season-opener. Coulthard started more slowly but bounced back with a third-place finish in Canada, and Red Bull had the same amount of points, 24, at the halfway point that they finished the 2007 season with.

However from there their form dipped, scoring just five points in the final 10 races. Their performance was made worse by the fact that Red Bull B team Toro Rosso became the first Red Bull-owned team to win a race with Sebastian Vettel's victory at the rainy Italian Grand Prix. The result helped Toro Rosso finish the season with more points - 39 to 29 - than Red Bull.

Vettel joins and Red Bull become F1 champions

Coulthard retired at the end of the 2008 season with Red Bull promoting Vettel after a season with Toro Rosso.

The German showed he meant business immediately, running second during the Australian GP before retiring following a clash with Robert Kubica. Vettel secured Red Bull's first pole position at the Chinese GP while Webber started third. The following day in rain-soaked conditions, Red Bull took their first win thanks to Vettel with Webber rounding out a one-two finish.

Vettel took a second victory at the British GP after starting from pole, while Webber took his first win in Germany with the German coming home in second. Red Bull ended the year in style with a one-two finish at the Abu Dhabi GP with Vettel leading the way, though the German ended the year 11 points back of Jenson Button. Red Bull also finished second in the Constructors' Championship, 18.5 points back of Brawn GP.

Both drivers returned for 2010 and Vettel wasted no time in taking pole at the opening round in Bahrain. The German looked to be on his way to victory, but slowed due to a spark-plug failure and finished fourth. A one-two start in Australia saw Vettel retire while Webber could only finish ninth, though the team finally turned things around at the next race in Malaysia as the German took victory with the other Red Bull finishing second.

Webber won back-to-back races in Spain and Monaco after starting both events from pole, taking the lead in the championship ahead of Vettel though both drivers were on 78 points.

Red Bull's run of seven straight poles was ended by Lewis Hamilton in Canada, though Vettel won from pole in Valencia after leading every lap of the race. The German started from the front of the grid at Silverstone as well, however a bad start and a puncture saw him finish seventh while Webber won after leading the entire race.

Vettel's engine expired while leading the Korean GP with 10 laps remaining, handing the win and championship lead to Ferrari's Fernando Alonso. Nevertheless Red Bull responded with a one-two finish in Brazil led by Vettel, becoming the first Austrian team to win the Constructors' Championship.

Although Vettel entered the final race of the season in Abu Dhabi third behind Alonso and Webber in the standings, the German took the Drivers' Championship after taking the chequered flag while his rivals finished outside the top six. All in all Red Bull finished the year with nine wins, five by Vettel, and 15 pole positions, with the German holding the advantage there as well with 10.

			© Getty Images/Red Bull Content Pool
	© Getty Images/Red Bull Content Pool

Red Bull success continues

Red Bull continued with the Vettel-Webber pairing in 2011. Unlike the previous season, there was no surprise end to the season as Vettel cruised to his second championship.

The German became the ninth F1 driver to defend his world title winning 11 of the 19 races and claiming 15 pole positions to beat Nigel Mansell's record from 1992. Webber managed to take his only win of the season at the final race in Brazil, which helped him finish third in the standings. Red Bull also added another Constructors' Championship to their trophy cabinet, finishing 153 points ahead of closest rivals McLaren.

Success continued in 2012 as Vettel took his third consecutive title, becoming the youngest triple World Champion. There were some bumps along the way as Vettel's first win of the season came in Bahrain, four races into the campaign. In fact, the German found himself trailing Alonso by 39 points after retiring from the Italian Grand Prix.

However from there Vettel won four of the final seven races, taking the title at the final race of the season by three points thanks to a sixth-place finish in Bahrain.

Both Vettel and Webber returned in 2013, with the German winning two of the opening six races. The first of those wins came with some controversy as Vettel started the Malaysian GP from pole. However he disobeyed team orders and overtook Webber late in the race, later apologising to the team but not for winning.

After retiring at the British GP, Vettel won 10 of the final 11 races to win the championship by 155 points over Alonso. The German's efforts saw him named Sportsman of the Year by the Laureus World Sports Awards, becoming the second driver to receive that honour. His win at the Italian GP was Red Bull's 40th which came after he secured the team's 50th pole position. Red Bull also won their fourth consecutive Constructors' Championship, finishing 236 points ahead of Mercedes.

			© Getty Images/Red Bull Contentpool
	© Getty Images/Red Bull Contentpool

Webber retirement and Vettel departure

Webber announced he would retire at the end of the 2013 season, with Red Bull promoting Daniel Ricciardo to the team from Toro Rosso. However it was clear during pre-season testing that Renault powered-teams would struggle as they were down on power compared to Mercedes and Ferrari following the introduction of the new hybrid engine.

Red Bull managed to win three races and finish second in the standings, though they ended the year 296 points back of Mercedes. All the wins came via Ricciardo, who took the chequered flag for the first time in Canada.

The 2014 season proved to be Vettel's last with the team as he moved to Ferrari with Daniil Kvyat replacing him. While Red Bull harboured hopes of closing the gap to Mercedes thanks to the progress made by Renault, that wasn't the case as reliability and power issues plagued the team all season.

Red Bull ended the season without a win for the first time since 2008, as their best finish came in Hungary when Ricciardo and Kvyat finished second and third. While the team tried to end their partnership with Renault, no deal was reached and as a result they ran Renault engines that were rebadged as TAG-Heuer.

Improvement and emergence of Max Verstappen

Following the breakdown in relations with Renault, Red Bull ran Renault engines branded as TAG Heuer while also saying goodbye to Infiniti as their main sponsor.

Kvyat finished third at the Chinese GP behind Vettel and Nico Rosberg, however it wasn't enough to keep his seat as Red Bull opted to swap him with Toro Rosso's Max Verstappen. The move proved a stroke of genius as the Dutchman won the Spanish GP on his debut for the team, becoming the youngest ever winner, podium finisher and driver to lead a lap at the age of 18 years and 228 days. Verstappen also became the first Dutch driver to take the chequered flag.

The team achieved several podium finishes while Ricciardo took his fourth career victory in Malaysia after a Hamilton engine failure. Red Bull finished the season second in the Constructors' Championship, while Ricciardo took third in the Drivers' Championship.

Both Verstappen and Ricciardo returned in 2017 however they started the season slowly with both drivers suffering retirements. The Australian took the chequered flag in Azerbaijan, while Verstappen slumped to three straight DNFs. Things improved for Verstappen later in the year as he took wins in Malaysia and Mexico, while finishing second in Japan ahead of Ricciardo. At the end of the season Ricciardo and Verstappen finished fifth and sixth in the standings respectively, while Red Bull finished behind Mercedes and Ferrari in the Constructors' Championship.

Although Red Bull suffered a double retirement at the second race of the season in Bahrain, the team answered back in China with Ricciardo taking the chequered flag after starting sixth. Unfortunately another two DNFs followed in Azerbaijan as the two drivers crashed into each other at Turn 1.

Ricciardo took a second victory in Monaco after starting from pole, however it was anything but straightforward as an engine issue cost him power, though he managed to hold off Vettel's charge. It proved to be the Australian's final podium for the team as he departed for Renault at the end of the season.

Verstappen won Red Bull's home race in Austria while Ricciardo was forced to retire with exhaust issues. The Dutchman enjoyed a strong second half of the season, finishing on the podium six times from eight races, including another victory in Monaco. Meanwhile Ricciardo suffered through several mechanical issues and retirements, with his best result being fourth on several occasions.

Verstappen and Ricciardo finished the season fourth and sixth respectively, while Red Bull once again finished behind Mercedes and Ferrari. A major talking point throughout the season was the relationship between Red Bull and Renault, with the Milton Keynes outfit announcing by the French GP that they would be switching to Honda power following their impressive performances for sister team Toro Rosso.

Honda engines

With Renault and Ricciardo gone, Honda and Pierre Gasly were brought in for the 2019 season.

The Frenchman failed to make much of an impression over the course of the opening 12 races, which stood in stark contrast to Verstappen who won in Australia and Germany to go along with three other podium finishes. As a result Red Bull opted to make a driver swap mid-season once again, promoting Alexander Albon while sending Gasly to Toro Rosso.

By the end of the year Verstappen finished on the podium another three times while winning in Brazil to finish the season third in the standings, while Albon's best result was a fourth place in Japan as Red Bull once again ended the year behind Mercedes and Ferrari.

The 2020 campaign saw Red Bull climb to second in the Constructors' Championship. Verstappen won the 70th Anniversary GP at Silverstone to go along with a dominant display at the season-ending Abu Dhabi GP, while Albon recorded his first career podium at the Tuscan GP. However by the end of the season Verstappen had outscored Albon 214 to 105, and as a result the team opted to replace the Thai-British driver with Sergio Perez for the 2021 campaign.

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