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What does DNF stand for? And which F1 driver has the most DNFs ever? And what about the DNFs of current drivers? You will find it on this page.

F1 DNF © XPBimages

What does DNF mean?

You have probably noticed before that you are looking at the F1 race results, and it says DNF after a driver's name. What exactly does this mean? DNF is an abbreviation for 'Did Not Finish'. The term says it all, the Formula 1 driver was not able to finish the race and therefore did not cross the finish line. This can have several causes, such as a crash or a technical problem of the car.

Which F1 driver has the most DNFs in one season?

The record for the Formula 1 driver who achieved the most DNFs of the season stands in the name of Italian Andrea de Cesaris. He set this record in 1987, managing no fewer than 14 DNFs out of 16 races.

Nowadays, so many DNFs per season are actually rare, partly because the reliability of Formula 1 cars has improved a lot compared to the past.

Which F1 driver has the most DNFs ever?

Coincidentally, an Italian driver also holds this record, namely Riccardo Patrese. He appeared at the start of 256 races but only managed to finish 111 of them. This means he achieved 145 DNFs in total, which is a percentage of 56.6%.

Besides the large amount of DNFs, Riccardo Patrese also achieved a number of successes. He took six Grand Prix victories and finished second in the 1992 championship.

F1 DNF © Photo4

Total of DNFs F1 season 2024

The table below shows the number of DNFs per driver for the 2024 season.

Overview of DNFs by driver for the 2024 F1 season

Driver 2024 DNFs
Lance Stroll 1
Pierre Gasly 1
Max Verstappen 1
Lewis Hamilton 1
George Russell 1
Alexander Albon 1
Zhou Guanyu 1
Daniel Ricciardo 1
Esteban Ocon 0
Logan Sargeant 0
Kevin Magnussen 0
Charles Leclerc 0
Oscar Piastri 0
Valtteri Bottas 0
Yuki Tsunoda 0
Carlos Sainz 0
Nyck de Vries 0
Fernando Alonso 0
Sergio Perez 0
Nico Hulkenberg 0
Lando Norris 0
Liam Lawson 0

F1 drivers with the most DNF's

After the Japanese GP, eight drivers retired, namely Lance Stroll, Pierre Gasly, Max Verstappen, Lewis Hamilton, George Russel, Alexander Albon, Daniel Ricciardo and Zhou Guanyu. In Saudi Arabia Stroll lost control of his car after lightly touching the wall, causing him to crash into it. Pierre Gasly had to return to the pits early in the race due to a mechanical issue, preventing him from finishing the race.

In Australia, Hamilton and Verstappen retired due to a mechanical issue. The Briton George Russell crashed in the final lap due to Fernando Alonso braking early in front of him, for which the Spaniard later received a 20-second time penalty.

Alexander Albon and Daniel Ricciardo crashed on lap 1 during the Japanese Grand Prix due to contact between the two drivers, which was judged as a racing incident by the stewards. A few laps later, Zhou Guanyu retired as well due to a gearbox issue.

F1 DNF © XPBimages

DNFs Lewis Hamilton

Lewis Hamilton has a total of 31 DNFs behind his name up to and including the 2024 F1 season. The overview below shows the number of DNFs per season. Hamilton has not had a single DNF for three seasons - 2017, 2019 and 2022. The F1 season where he achieved the most DNFs was in 2012, namely 6.

Overview number of DNFs Lewis Hamilton

Season Number of DNFs
2007 1
2008 1
2009 3
2010 4
2011 3
2012 6
2013 1
2014 3
2015 1
2016 2
2017 0
2018 1
2019 0
2020 0
2021 1
2022 2
2023 1
2024 1
Total 30

DNFs Max Verstappen

Max Verstappen has a total of 32 DNFs behind his name up to and including the 2024 F1 season. Below is the overview of Max Verstappen's number of DNFs per season. Max Verstappen achieved the most DNFs in the 2017 season, namely seven DNFs. He achieved the fewest in 2023. In this season, he didn't have to retire the car.

Overview number of DNFs Max Verstappen

Season Number of DNFs
2015 5
2016 3
2017 7
2018 4
2019 2
2020 5
2021 3
2022 2
2023 0
2024 1
Total 31
F1 DNF © XPBimages

DNFs Charles Leclerc

Charles Leclerc has 21 DNFs behind his name up to and including the 2024 season. In the overview below, you can see Charles Leclerc's number of DNFs per season. In his debut season, he achieved the most DNFs, namely 6. In the 2021 season, Charles Leclerc achieved only one DNF during the Hungarian Grand Prix.

Overview number of DNFs Charles Leclerc

Season Number of DNFs
2018 6
2019 3
2020 4
2021 1
2022 3
2023 4
Total 21
F1 DNF © XPBimages

What does DNS mean in F1?

Besides DNF, you also have the term DNS, which stands for 'Did Not Start'. This means that the driver was qualified for the race, but did not start. One cause could be that the car has technical problems during the warm-up lap, for example, and therefore cannot start the race.

Yuki Tsunoda has a DNS after the Italian Grand Prix. Indeed, he stalled because of engine problems during the formation lap.

What does DNQ mean in F1?

DNQ means 'Did Not Qualify'. This means that the Formula 1 driver did not set a time during qualifying or set too slow a time.

The terms DNF and DNS are not to be confused with the term DRS. To know what exactly DRS is, check out this page.

What does DNF mean?

DNF stands for "Did Not Finish," which means that a driver did not complete a race. This can occur due to mechanical issues, an accident, or other reasons preventing the driver from finishing the race.

What counts as a DNF?

DNFs can occur due to mechanical issues, an accident, or other reasons that result in retirement from a race. For example, consider Logan Sargeant's DNF in Qatar 2023 because he felt unwell due to the extreme heat conditions. However, the most common reasons for DNFs are crashes or mechanical problems.

Does DNF mean disqualified?

No DNF (Did not finish) does not mean disqualified. The abbreviation for disqualified is DSQ and differs from DNF.

What does DNS mean F1?

DNS stands for 'Did Not Start', meaning that a driver could not participate in a race and thus did not start. DNS is often due to a technical issue with the driver's car, preventing them from starting.
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