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What does DNF stand for? And which F1 driver has the most DNFs ever? And what about the DNFs of current drivers? You will find it on this page.

DNF F1 Alexander Albon crashed out of the race 2023 F1 Grand Prix Australia © XPBimages

What does DNF mean?

You have probably noticed before that you are looking at the F1 race results, and it says DNF after a driver's name. What exactly does this mean? DNF is an abbreviation for 'Did Not Finish'. The term says it all, the Formula 1 driver was not able to finish the race and therefore did not cross the finish line. This can have several causes, such as a crash or a technical problem of the car.

Which F1 driver has the most DNFs in one season?

The record for the Formula 1 driver who achieved the most DNFs of the season stands in the name of Italian Andrea de Cesaris. He set this record in 1987, managing no fewer than 14 DNFs out of 16 races.

Nowadays, so many DNFs per season are actually rare, partly because the reliability of Formula 1 cars has improved a lot compared to the past.

Which F1 driver has the most DNFs ever?

Coincidentally, an Italian driver also holds this record, namely Riccardo Patrese. He appeared at the start of 256 races but only managed to finish 111 of them. This means he achieved 145 DNFs in total, which is a percentage of 56.6%.

Besides the large amount of DNFs, Riccardo Patrese also achieved a number of successes. He took six Grand Prix victories and finished second in the 1992 championship.

Riccardo Patrese Brabham BT55 1986 Monaco Grand Prix © Photo4

Total of DNFs F1 season 2023

The table below shows the number of DNFs per driver for the 2023 season.

Overview of DNFs by driver for the 2023 F1 season

Driver 2023 DNFs
Esteban Ocon 6
Logan Sargeant 5
Lance Stroll 4, of which 1 (Did Not Start)
Charles Leclerc 3
George Russell 3
Kevin Magnussen 3
Alexander Albon 3
Pierre Gasly 2
Oscar Piastri 2
Valtteri Bottas 2
Guanyu Zhou 2
Yuki Tsunoda 2, of which 1 (Did Not Start)
Nyck de Vries 2
Sergio Perez 1
Carlos Sainz 1
Nico Hulkenberg 1
Max Verstappen 0
Lewis Hamilton 0
Lando Norris 0
Fernando Alonso 0
Daniel Ricciardo 0
Liam Lawson 0

Of the current drivers, Logan Sargeant currently has the highest percentage of DNFs relative to races he has started - 31,3%. Indeed, he has started sixteen races (until the 2023 Japanese Grand Prix) and failed to finish five of them.

The lowest percentage of DNFs relative to races he has started of current drivers is currently (after the 2023 Japanese Grand Prix) with Lewis Hamilton. His DNF percentage is 8.9%.

Lewis Hamilton F1 Mercedes Canada Grand Prix 2023 © XPBimages

DNFs Lewis Hamilton

Lewis Hamilton has a total of 29 DNFs behind his name up to and including the 2022 F1 season. The overview below shows the number of DNFs per season. Hamilton has not had a single DNF for three seasons - 2017, 2019 and 2022. The F1 season where he achieved the most DNFs was in 2012, namely 6.

Overview number of DNFs Lewis Hamilton

Season Number of DNFs
2007 1
2008 1
2009 3
2010 4
2011 3
2012 6
2013 1
2014 3
2015 1
2016 2
2017 0
2018 1
2019 0
2020 0
2021 1
2022 2
Total 29

DNFs Max Verstappen

Max Verstappen has a total of 31 DNFs behind his name up to and including the 2022 F1 season. Below is the overview of Max Verstappen's number of DNFs per season. Max Verstappen achieved the most DNFs in the 2017 season, namely seven DNFs. He achieved the fewest in 2022. In this season, he crashed out twice.

Overview number of DNFs Max Verstappen

Season Number of DNFs
2015 5
2016 3
2017 7
2018 4
2019 2
2020 5
2021 3
2022 2
Total 31
F1 Max Verstappen Red Bull Racing crash Lewis Hamilton Mercedes 2021 © XPBimages

DNFs Charles Leclerc

Charles Leclerc has 17 DNFs behind his name up to and including the 2022 season. In the overview below, you can see Charles Leclerc's number of DNFs per season. In his debut season, he achieved the most DNFs, namely 6. In the 2021 season, Charles Leclerc achieved only one DNF during the Hungarian Grand Prix.

Overview number of DNFs Charles Leclerc

Season Number of DNFs
2018 6
2019 3
2020 4
2021 1
2022 3
Total 17
F1 DNF Crash Grand Prix Hungary 2021 Perez Leclerc Norris Ricciardo © XPBimages

What does DNS mean in F1?

Besides DNF, you also have the term DNS, which stands for 'Did Not Start'. This means that the driver was qualified for the race, but did not start. One cause could be that the car has technical problems during the warm-up lap, for example, and therefore cannot start the race.

Yuki Tsunoda has a DNS after the Italian Grand Prix. Indeed, he stalled because of engine problems during the formation lap.

What does DNQ mean in F1?

DNQ means 'Did Not Qualify'. This means that the Formula 1 driver did not set a time during qualifying or set too slow a time.

The terms DNF and DNS are not to be confused with the term DRS. To know what exactly DRS is, check out this page.

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