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Formula 1

How Red Bull sent Ferrari a warning in the F1 development race

Red Bull brought significant upgrades to the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix, which they dominated with a 1-2 finish. But how did they do it and what do rivals Ferrari have in store? RacingNews365.com technical analyst Paolo Filisetti takes a closer look.

RB18 DEV AREAS IMOLA
Analysis
To news overview © RN365/Paolo Filisetti

Making it work correctly, and placing it at the right height from the ground, is one of the most important secrets to success in F1 this season.

We are, of course, referring to the floor, and more specifically, its lower side (the one that faces the tarmac). This is usually an invisible element on cars, expect in rare situations, such as when Carlos Sainz crashed out of qualifying in Imola.

With the F1-75 being carefully lifted from the gravel, photographers pounced to capture some fascinating details of the top-secret underfloor.

Why is the floor suddenly so important in F1?

With the return of ground effect in F1, obtained through the Venturi channels that span the floor, this area guarantees the highest percentage of the total downforce produced on 2022-spec cars, reaching almost 80 per cent.

The design, placement and curvature of the channels all play a role in achieving the dream scenario of maximum aerodynamic load with the least drag possible.

These are general targets, but depending on the overall design of the car, they can be achieved with the shape of the floor, the channels and the curvature of the lower partitions, which are profoundly different up and down the grid.

This explains why, as mentioned, all teams do whatever they can to keep these details hidden from the eyes of the competitors.

It is natural to assume that the floor of the highly-competitive F1-75 (see below) was an area of curiosity for rival teams from the beginning of the season.

			© RN365/Paolo Filisetti
	© RN365/Paolo Filisetti

How are Ferrari managing the porpoising phenomenon?

One of the more intriguing characteristics of the F1-75 is that it only suffers a partial decrease in performance from porpoising – the aerodynamic jolts triggered by the floor stalling as the speed and the load produced by it increases.

Despite the dramatic television footage and driver comments, there is only a marginal impact on the pure performance of Ferrari's car.

The explanation we gathered from some engineers in Imola is that the frequency of the jolts varies from car to car. In practice, the higher the frequency, the more complex it is to manage the phenomenon, making the car dynamically unstable.

This all depends on two factors. On the one hand, the specific conformation of the floor, and on the other hand, the ride height adopted.

At Ferrari, the compromise for this last parameter seems to have made it possible to find a lower porpoising frequency than other cars, such as the Mercedes.

Furthermore, the triggering speed of the porpoising seems to be higher on the Ferrari, thus allowing - during the braking phase - effective damping.

It does not seem at all coincidental that in Imola, the car that dominated the entire weekend - the Red Bull RB18 - was the one that managed to best reduce the jolts.

			© RN365/Paolo Filisetti
	© RN365/Paolo Filisetti

How did Red Bull manage their step forward?

Crucial to Red Bull's performance improvement was an updated floor, with the team adopting the solution from Ferrari and Aston Martin via a double splitter (see above) – two micro profiles under the body that energise the flow directed to the Venturi channels.

No less important - especially for the car's behaviour through high-speed corners, of which there are many at Imola - was the reduction in car weight.

According to paddock talk, the new and improved Red Bull is around four kilograms lighter.

These changes are not strictly related to managing the porpoising effects, but improvements in terms of the dynamics of the car as a whole.

What will Ferrari bring in response?

Returning to the floor, it is almost certain that at the Spanish Grand Prix, Ferrari will introduce a revised diffuser, aimed at managing the stall of air more efficiently.

Before that, they look set to bring a new rear wing to the upcoming round in Miami.

The developments, their scope and - above all - their effectiveness, also in light of Red Bull's improved competitiveness, will set the scene for how this season's title battle plays out.

Ferrari know they can't make mistakes, but they are equally aware that they have the technical and human resources so as not to be caught unprepared.

Also interesting:

F1 Podcast: Are Red Bull now favourites and has Hamilton hit a new low?

RacingNews365.com F1 journalists Dieter Rencken, Mike Seymour and Thomas Maher look back over the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix, where Red Bull triumphed, Ferrari hit trouble and Mercedes struggled.

F1 2022 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix RN365 News dossier

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