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Fatal accidents in Formula 1

Over the years, as many as fifty F1 drivers died in harness. Thanks to increased safety in Formula One, the number of tragic accidents decreased significantly over the years. Jules Bianchi was the last Formula One driver to die as a result of an accident. The list below includes all drivers who died during or after an accident in a Formula 1 car during race weekends, training sessions and other events.

Aryton senna formule 1 dodelijke ongevallen racingnews365 © XPBimages

A total of 50 drivers have died as a result of such accidents until 2023: 28 during Formula One Grand Prix events, 7 during the Indianapolis 500 (during the time it was still part of the F1 World Championship), 9 during test sessions and 6 during events not related to a world championship.

15 drivers died in the 1950s, 14 in the 1960s, 13 in the 1970s, 4 in the 1980s, 2 in the 1990s and 2 in the 21st century as well. The largest number of deceased drivers came from the United Kingdom. Twelve British drivers died in a Formula One car. The track where the most accidents occurred was the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, where seven drivers died during the Indianapolis 500, which was still part of the world championship in the 1950s. Only one driver became world champion posthumously: Jochen Rindt in 1970, who died during a qualifying session. One former world champion died during a race: Ayrton Senna in 1994.

Fatal accidents in F1

Driver Date of accident Location
Cameron Earl 18 June 1952 MIRA Test Circuit
Chet Miller 15 May 1953 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Charles de Tornaco 18 September 1953 Autodromo Modena
Onofre Marimón 31 June 1954 Nürburgring
Mario Alborghetti 11 April 1955 Circuit de Pau
Manny Ayulo 16 May 1955 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Bill Vukovich 30 May 1955 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Eugenio Castellotti 14 March 1957 Autodromo Modena
Keith Andrews 15 May 1957 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Pat O'Connor 30 May 1958 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Luigi Musso 6 July 1958 Reims-Gueux
Peter Collins 3 August 1958 Nürburgring
Stuart Lewis-Evans 19 September 1958 Ain-Diab Circuit
Jerry Unser 17 May 1959 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Bob Cortner 19 May 1959 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Harry Schell 13 May 1960 Silverstone Circuit
Chris Bristow 19 June 1960 Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps
Alan Stacey 19 June 1960 Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps
Shane Summers 1 June 1961 Brands Hatch
Giulio Cabianca 15 June 1961 Modena
Wolfgang von Trips 10 September 1961 Autodromo Nazionale Monza
Ricardo Rodríguez 1 November 1962 Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez
Gary Hocking 21 December 1962 Westmead Circuit
Carel Godin de Beaufort 2 August 1964 Nürburgring
John Taylor 7 August 1966 Nürburgring
Lorenzo Bandini 7 May 1967 Circuit de Monaco
Bob Anderson 14 August 1967 Silverstone Circuit
Jo Schlesser 7 July 1968 Rouen-Les-Essarts
Gerhard Mitter 2 August 1969 Nürburgring
Martin Brain 25 May 1970 Silverstone Circuit
Piers Courage 7 June 1970 Circuit Zandvoort
Karl-Jochen Rindt 5 September 1970 Autodromo Nazionale Monza
Jo Siffert 24 October 1971 Brands Hatch
Roger Williamson 29 July 1973 Circuit Zandvoort
François Cevert 6 October 1973 Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course
Peter Revson 30 March 1974 Kyalami
Helmuth König 6 October 1974 Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course
Mark Donohue 19 August 1975 Österreichring (Red Bull Ring)
Tom Pryce 5 March 1977 Kyalami
Brian McGuire 29 August 1977 Brands Hatch
Ronnie Peterson 11 September 1978 Autodromo Nazionale Monza
Patrick Depailler 1 August 1980 Hockenheimring
Gilles Villeneuve 8 May 1982 Circuit Zolder
Riccardo Paletti 13 June 1982 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve
Elio de Angelis 15 May 1986 Circuit Paul Ricard
Roland Ratzenberger 30 April 1994 Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari
María de Villota 3 July 2012 Duxford Airfield
Jules Bianchi 5 October 2014 Suzuka Circuit

Safety first

Since its birth in the middle of the last century, Formula 1 has become progressively safer. This led to a reduction in the number of fatal accidents within the sport. A recent addition within F1 is cockpit protection called HALO. After Jules Bianchi's accident in 2014, they started developing such a system. The HALO has since proven its track record on several occasions, including during the 2020 Bahrain Grand Prix, when the innovative piece of technology saved the life of Romain Grosjean.

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