Lewis Hamilton will start the Dutch Grand Prix 13th at best after suffering a shock early elimination in qualifying.
With Q2 starting in wet conditions, the track was drying throughout the session, with a clutch of drivers changing to a new set of Intermediates as the Zandvoort circuit was not quite ready for slick tyres.
But Hamilton kept the same set of Intermediates on the Mercedes throughout the session and came under danger in the closing seconds with his eighth place looking precarious.
The seven-time champion misjudged the timing, completing his final flying lap too early, with track conditions improving when Hamilton was on his cool-down lap into the pits.
Lando Norris, Carlos Sainz and Logan Sargeant all improved their times to knock Hamilton out, meaning he will share the seventh row of the grid with 14th-placed Yuki Tsunoda at best.
Lance Stroll, Pierre Gasly and Nico Hulkenberg were the other drivers to fail to advance to Q3, with 0.084s separating Sargeant in 10th, Stroll, Gasly and Hamilton.
Max Verstappen topped the segment ahead of Oscar Piastri and Alex Albon.